Sir Ludwig Guttman

Sir Ludwig Guttman

The Paralympics started in 1948 when Sir Ludwig Guttman started using sport as part of the rehabilitation programmes for soldiers who had been injured in the second world war. He set up a competition with other hospitals to coincide with the London Olympics in that year. In 1960, the Olympics were held in Rome, and Guttman brought 400 wheelchair athletes to the Olympic city to compete. The modern Parallel Olympics (or "Paralympics") were born. The Paralympics were not always held in the same city as the Olympics until 1988 when Korea hosted both the Olympics and the Paralympics since then both games have always been in the same location. Currently there are 25 sports in the Paralympics (20 in the Summer Games and 5 in the Winter Games). Most of these sports are shared with the Olympics but some, such as Goalball, are exclusively Paralympic.
(World Around Unit 3 Page 40)

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